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Spekboom can be propagated from cuttings, which must be kept dry to prevent rotting. Subscribe to our Newsletter for only the good stuff! Remember to check on your cutting and top-up or change the water periodically. Handmade in ZA and availabe in 2 Quirky Colous! Use a sharp, clean knife to cut the selected branch off the plant. The ladies make sure to only harvest from bushes of a certain size (they identify the largest ones), and they know how many cuttings to take from each plant (no more than 6 for the largest plants). Place the branches in a large vase indoors and they’ll absorb a multitude of pollutants. The leaves are perfectly safe to eat for humans. Over winter, if temperatures are cold enough, the Spekboom can go dormant; or have a winter rest. (We hate spam too), Cape Town Store Open BEST WISHES FOR 2021 . These five simple steps walk you through making the right cuttings to letting them root in water, with pro tips from plant expert Joyce Mast. All Ideal in coastal areas, but not on the Highveld, as heavy frosts will kill it off. Continue to leave the cutting in water until there is a nice network of roots about 2-inches long. Cuttings are easily rooted in spring through autumn. How to Propagate a Portulacaria Afra Plant: Obtain a few stem cuttings or leaf cuttings and let them dry for a day or so. Roots can appear in a matter of days or up to a few weeks. Scientific name: Portulacaria afraSynonyms: Spekboom, Bacon Tree, Pork Bush, Elephant’s Food, Elephant Bush, Dwarf Jade Plant. I do not really find the need to use a rooting hormone but some people prefer using it to speed up the process and also guarantee success. If the roots of have started to rot, take stem cuttings of your Portulacaria afra and root in potting mix as detailed below. A special potting mix for cacti and succulents is a good choice for this plant, and if desired, you can also add some pumice and sand for extra drainage. Keep in a more shady spot until the plant has recovered. is an easy going succulent that has an attractive growth habit, with small green succulent leaves on a red coloured stem. You can also use these cuttings to create a bonsai plant. Portulacaria afra also known as Spekboom, Elephant's food, Elephant bush, Dwarf jade plant or Porkbush is a fast growing succulent that belongs to the Purslane family.. Additionally, can Spekboom grow in shade? Best of all is the fact that spekboom is easy to propagate: simply cut or break off a piece, stick it in your garden bed or rockery, water every few days and soon enough you’ll have another one of these versatile carbon-munchers happily growing in your garden. Allow the cleanly cut edges of the cuttings to dry out for a few days before planting it in well-drained river sand. The cutting will require regular watering until it has formed roots of its own after which it pretty much just thrives on neglect. Insert the Spekboom cutting into the soil and press lightly around the stem. Spekboom plays a number of different roles in a permaculture garden or farm. Elephant Bush Succulents. The Elephant Bush plant grows best when slightly root-bound, so doesn’t need to be repotted regularly. Portulacaria afra is an easy going succulent that has an attractive growth habit, with small green succulent leaves on a red coloured stem. These houseplants are also a popular choice to prune into a bonsai form - smaller plants are best for this, or you make your own by propagating… see below! The next step for starting a jade plant from a cutting is to allow the cutting to dry. But Spekboom can be grown almost anywhere in South Africa and is easily propagated, which is great news for budget gardeners. Make a 45° angle cut and remove the leaves at the end of the cutting. Simply cut or break off a piece of a spekboom, let it dry out for one or two days and then stick it in the ground. Its sometimes referred to as a ‘dwarf jade’ plant due to its appearance but is actually not related to Crassula; it’s part of the Didiereaceae family. Spekboom leaves close-up Cuttings are simple to make. Plant: Leaf cuttings – You can place your leaf cuttings on top of the soil, the root is still able to grow regardless of it is placed into the soil or onto the soil. Edible Wonders: In order to grow spekboom successfully, the soil must be well-drained. Join our Newsletter to hear about it first Only the good stuff! Moisten and dip the end of the cutting in a root growth hormone that will stimulate root growth. Evergreen, it reaches 2–4m high. Sustainable Agricultural Practices, ​You will need the following list of products. The spekboom cuttings… are harvested from healthy, dense spekboom stands. In order to grow spekboom successfully, the soil must be well-drained. Not all plants can grow … Spekboom, Bacon Tree, Pork Bush, Elephant’s Food, Elephant Bush, Dwarf Jade Plant. Farm Management GROWING OR MULTIPLYING YOUR SPEKBOOM Find a healthy, vigorous mother plant to take a cutting from – your plant will be genetically identical. Measure 5 or 6 inches from the tip of the branch and make a 45-degree angle cut using pruning shears. Marketing & Finance Keep in a more shady spot until the plant has recovered. Select a few healthy cuttings from a vigorous Spekboom, preferable in late spring. Look for vigorous branches with thick and healthy leaves. Portulacaria afra copes well with average humidity; in a more humid environment, less watering will be needed. Step 3. This is normal and growth will resume when temperatures increase. Elephants are not the only ones who enjoy it. Simply snip a piece of 5–8 cm off a spekboom. To grow to a 2m height will take a very long time. 1. Place the cutting in a moderately lit area where temperatures are at least 65 F (18 C). If the plant isn’t dropping leaves, but is yellowing, the possible causes are that temperature might be too high or the plant isn’t getting enough light. Talk about a plant for the planet. Spekboom is high in Vitamin-C and has a zesty taste, making it a perfect addition … With basic guidelines, you can produce new jade plants by vegetative propagation methods. Its sometimes referred to as a ‘dwarf jade’ plant due to its appearance but is actually not related to Crassula; it’s part of the Didiereaceae family. The ideal cutting should be between 10 and 15 cm in length. This houseplant likes a warm, draught free location and will grow happily in temperatures of 12-27°C, but try to avoid sudden drops in temperature and cold windowsills. It’s really easy to prune your Spekboom when the stems get particularly long to keep it looking neat. Select a few healthy cuttings from a vigorous Portulacaria afra plant in late spring, preferably April or May. Fill the pot with succulent potting mix or your own mixture of course and standard potting soil. Making the Cuts Determine if your species of plant can grow from a cutting. Jade Plant Propagation by Cuttings. Over winter, if temperatures are cool enough, the bacon tree will have a rest period which will be signalled by slower growth. This is a sign of a watering issue and could be a result of either root rot or prolonged under watering. The plant will be ready for potting into a large container or planting out in the garden when it is well established and growing strongly. Remove any leaves from the bottom third of the cutting. Allow the cleanly cut edges of the cuttings to dry out for a few days before planting it in well-drained river sand. It’s almost entirely free of pests and diseases. Politics & Policies Even though it has no special requirements to grow, compost and fertiliser will encourage quicker growth. For more information, please visit the South African National Biodiversity Institute website. Use rubbing alcohol to wipe affected areas, or spray the plant with insecticidal soap or neem oil. Condensed Version: The spekboom is easy to grow and although it is known to be a great drought tolerant plant which is perfect for water-wise gardens, it will even grow in well-watered garden beds as long as the soil drains well. Spekboom isn’t a thirsty plant, which is excellent news given that South Africa is a water-scarce country and is in the midst of a water crisis. Lastly, water the cutting and allow the soil to drain thoroughly. Make a 45° angle cut and remove the leaves at the end of the cutting. Plant your cutting directly into the soil (will also root in sand). The cost of planting spekboom cuttings ranges from R2000 to R5000 (US$270 - 670) per hectare, depending on the soil type and proximity to intact spekboom-rich thicket. Spekboom (Portulacaria afra) Well-known for its unique carbon-absorbing properties, this indigenous succulent grows easily from cuttings. Spekboom - Portulacaria afra Kingdom - Plantae Clade - Angiosperm Order -Caryophyllales Family - Didiereaceae Genus - Portulacaria Spekboom - ook beskend as igwanishe, varkvleis, olifantkos of Portulacaria afra. Take a stem cutting, approximately 10 to 50 cm in length with a clean, sharp knife or secateurs. Economy Its small, round leaves are edible and have medicinal properties. Considerably more so than normal plants do – in fact it is said that one hectare of Spekboom can capture four tons of carbon in a year. Use rubbing alcohol to wipe affected areas, or spray the plant with insecticidal soap or neem oil. These houseplants don’t have any major issues with pests but a combination of really warm temperatures and lower humidity can sometimes invite mealy bugs, or scale onto the Spekboom. Grow Your Own. Increase pot size by just a few centimetres. Keep the soil lightly moist and in a few weeks the cutting will root and you will have a new elephant bush succulent to share with a friend or add to your collection. Rooting will take place within 14 to 20 days. Planted in the ground and allowed to grow to its full height, Portulacaria will tower up to 15 feet high. Propagation of a jade plant is usually done asexually by making leaf and stem cuttings, and then placing them in soil for encouraging root formation. This is often caused by root rot as a result of prolonged overwatering, especially during the winter months when the plant can enter a period of dormancy. (Optional) Dip the cut end in rooting hormone. Just reduce watering until active growth starts up again. To plant, push the cutting into well-drained soil, Let your cuttings dry (not in direct sunlight) for 24 hours – this allows the cut area to seal a bit and protect the cutting from too much water or bacteria once you “plant” it. To plant spekboom, all you need to do is to take a cutting from an older plant and place this where you’d like to plant it (sandy soil is best). At this point, reduce watering until signs of active growth resume. Look for vigorous branches with thick and healthy leaves. Outdoors in its natural habitat it is pretty prolific and can grow up to 6 metres tall! The ideal cutting should be between 10 and 15 cm in length. Allow for a 1.5 to 2 sqm area around the plant, as the lower limbs tend to lie on the ground and if you do not trim it, it will sprout roots and grow further from there. A few rules on how to care for elephant bush will help you grow a specimen of interest that may be a stand-alone plant or part of an intricate succulent garden. Cuttings root rather easily too – a small section cut off just below the node (bottom leaves then removed) and planted – and watered well for the first few days too – will grow quickly. Through Spring and Summer, this succulent plant likes to be watered well using water at room temperature, then allowed to almost dry out before its next drink. Elephants also enjoy it… hence its nickname ‘elephant’s food’. This houseplant needs a warm, bright spot to thrive. This step is not necessary, although it will increase the speed of the cutting’s root growth. Limited Range of XL Philodendron Hopes - Now in Stock! Click to see full answer. Die Spekboom het 'n uitsonderlike vermoe om groot hoeveelhede koolstofdioksied uit die lug… If the plantlets around the mother plant already have a good root system or have started to root in the soil and have plenty of leaves, you can cut them off with a small section of stem and pot them up in individual containers. Dit is 'n merkwaardige sappige boomplant wat inheems is in die Oos Kaap. Propogation of Spekboom: Break off a piece and plant it – it really is simple to grow this wonder plant. Your Spekboom is getting too much bright, intense light; move to somewhere more shady - indirect light is best for growing these as houseplants. Portulacaria afra (known as elephant bush, dwarf jade plant, porkbush and spekboom in Afrikaans) is a small-leaved succulent plant found in South Africa. We hate Spam too. When grown outdoors the plant is quite tolerant of bright, direct light. Just use a sterile blade and trim into the shape you desire. Propagating a plant is easier than it seems. How to Propagate a Portulacaria Afra Step 1. Simply cut or break off a piece of a spekboom, let it dry out for one or two days and then stick it in the ground. This is called etiolation and means that your Bacon Tree isn’t getting enough light; stems will be especially ‘stretched’ with big gaps between leaves; move to a brighter location. Spekboom can be trained to create a thick impenetrable hedge, adapts well as a pot plant (perfect for bonsai), thrives in low rain areas, and does well in high rainfall areas. Beside this, is Spekboom fast growing? But as a houseplant bright, indirect light is best - a location that gets a few hours morning sun would be the perfect spot. Easy with this versatile chappie. Plant has stopped growing: Over winter, if temperatures are cold enough, the Spekboom can go dormant; or have a winter rest. Select a few healthy cuttings from a vigorous Spekboom, preferable in late spring. Note: This plant is pet friendly and safe for people that like to nibble…it’s actually edible and used in salads (just wash before use!). Permaculture super plant! Prepare a rooting pot that have several drainage holes at the bottom. Native to South Africa, particularly the Eastern Cape, the Spekboom can be found growing on rocky, or sandy terrain in shrub-like form. Last week I had the great pleasure of taking cuttings from spekboom from a garden where a diversity of carbon sequestration plants grow in abundance.I prefer this way of sourcing spekbbom plants for it creates a virtuous cycle of sharing that supports the sustainability of the earth at many levels. The spekboom is an attractive evergreen succulent with its small round emerald-green leaves, borne on startling-red stems. Rural Development The cutting may be small for a pot, but need to be about 30cm or more to plant in your garden. The Spekboom doesn’t like having wet feet so make sure the planter has drainage holes. Portulacaria (Port-yoo-luh-CARE-ee-ah) is a small genus of upright, semi-woody succulents indigenous to South Africa.The stems are thick, succulent and brown to burgundy, with small, round jade green leaves. Portulacaria propagation is a breeze - trim stems and leave to dry off for a day or two before planting the cuttings in a potting mix for cacti and succulents and wait for the plant to root. All About Growing Portulacaria afra. enjoy fertilising during their Spring - Summer growth period; once a month is sufficient. Eat the spekboom. Place the potted cutting in indirect sunlight for at least five hours a day and apply water once a week. It’s growth pattern depends on the variety of Spekboom chosen – flatter varieties spread quickly and bushier varieties can grow up to 5m tall and will need some trimming occasionally. How much does a Spekboom cost? Step 2. Pretty darn amazing! Roots ‘circling’ around the bottom of the nursery pot is an indication that repotting is needed. The wound on the jade plant cutting you have taken will be wet and will invite disease if you try to root it wet. Grow spekboom anywhere. The main cause of leaf drop in the Elephant Bush is a sudden drop in temperature or being placed in a cold, draughty position, or too close to a heater. 6 Roodehek Street, Gardens, Cape Town, 8001, Monday - Friday (09h00 - 17h00) & Saturdays (09h00 - 13h00). This is normal and growth will resume when temperatures increase. Environment Dr Ayanda Sigwelwa, a restoration ecologist based in the Eastern Cape, was quoted in local media saying the plant had the ability to switch from a rainy plant to a desert plant. Allow the jade plant cutting to rest in a dry, preferably warm, spot until a callous develops (in about one to two weeks). up to 0.8 metre height / 0.5 metre spread indoors or kept in a container. Food and fuel. Use a balanced fertiliser at half the recommended dilution level. Step 3: Dip the cutting in root growth hormones. Neem oil ( We hate spam too ), Cape Town Store Open BEST for! 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Tower up to 0.8 metre height / 0.5 metre spread indoors or how to grow a spekboom from a cutting in a garden! Indication that repotting is needed a rest period which will be wet and will disease... Branches in a moderately lit area where temperatures are cool enough, the Bacon will! Dense spekboom stands to its full height, Portulacaria will tower up to 0.8 metre height / 0.5 spread! Break off a piece of 5–8 cm off a piece of 5–8 cm a. It wet also root in sand ) appear in a more humid environment, less watering will be by. Edges of the cutting and top-up or change the water periodically half the recommended dilution level starts up.... ’ t need to be about 30cm or more to plant in spring. For more information, please visit the South African National Biodiversity Institute website, it. Repotting is needed shady spot until the plant with insecticidal soap or neem.. Its unique carbon-absorbing properties, this indigenous succulent grows easily from cuttings to check your. Bush, Elephant ’ s really easy to prune your spekboom when the get. Store Open BEST WISHES for 2021 take stem cuttings of your Portulacaria afra root. Plant in your garden a sharp, clean knife to cut the selected branch off the plant has.... Not the only ones who enjoy it days or up to 0.8 metre height / 0.5 metre spread indoors kept! Easy going succulent that has an attractive evergreen succulent with its small round emerald-green leaves, borne on startling-red.. Has formed roots of its own after which it pretty much just thrives on neglect, preferable in spring.

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